The Nature for City LIFE project inclides 10 actions. They meet both operationnal targets:
To inform public on multifunctional GBI based on demonstration sites in urbanmetropolises.
Develop governance tools with multiple public and stakeholders to strengthen the integration of BGI in urban planning projects) of the project as well as the LIFE 2016 guidelines for applicant's objectives.
- 1 action on urban monitoring implementation and socio-economic information, which seeks the establishment of an urban monitoring system (air quality, heat island effect, humidity) and a socio-economic system to inform about the services provided by urban GBI in the face of climate change. This action targets the OT1 of the project as well as the guideline for applicants regarding information panel / awareness on climate change.
- 4 actions of implementation regarding integrated climate governance, training and awareness: this corpus of actions targets the OP 2 and the integrated climate governance stake by strengthening environmental dialogue in planning projects as well as activities related to urban footpaths (based on existing and non-existing footpaths). It also targets the LIFE guideline for applicants through the training of planners and elected officials to deliver climate contextualized solutions based on GBI.
- 2 actions of communication and dissemination of results: actions are based on, networking, organising forums / seminars and on the development of communication tools such as traveling exhibitions. These actions targets the OT2 of the project and meets the challenge of a better communication with local stakeholders as written in the LIFE guideline.
- 1 action based on the monitoring impact of project actions: meets project monitoring issues to measure project impacts through indicators. This action is linked with the overall strategic objective.
- 2 Project Management actions: these actions are referred to the financial and adminstrative project monitoring and the sustainability of the post-Nature for City LIFE project. These actions ensure the proper financial progress through the five years of the project as well as the good work through of the 10 actions and to present the post-LIFE project strategic planning.
The services provided by nature in cities in relation to climate change are not well known by the various stakeholders (various public, elected officials, technicians).
This action aims, through two complementary sub-actions, to produce physical, sociological and economic data directly on the territories in order to objectify the services provided to stakeholders. The fact that the data come from the territory gives them a stronger impact because they are adapted to the local territorial context and they directly concern local actors.
It responds to the operational target "inform, sensitize and train various audiences and stakeholders on the services provided by nature in cities, based on demonstration sites".
C1.1. Climate monitoring (Atmosud)
Implementation of a temperature, humidity and air quality measurement system in the three territories of the project on demonstration sites, identified as green and blue infrastructure (IVB).
5 criteria for the selection of demonstration sites:
- in the urban matrix;
- strong urbanization challenges;
- lack of governance on issues related to BVI and climate change;
- Differentiated location of sites according to a gradient of urbanization (dense city centre and more spread-out urban fringe);
- location on an existing urban hiking trail or at create (C2.1) or nearby.
Localized meteorological parameters include temperature, humidity, and anemometry. For quality parameters, the pollutants measured are particulate matter (lower at 2.5µm - PM 2.5), nitrogen oxides (NO2), and ozone (O3).
Atmosud will monitor possible synergies with the characterization of noise nuisances (existing noise beacons).
Atmosud has a network of permanent reference air quality stations with historical data. These stations meet European and national standards in terms of emissions of air quality (equipment, maintenance, station typology, measurement methodologies, etc.) and provide data for national and European reporting.
The demonstration sites will be equipped with micro-sensors. To estimate the reliability and to know the measurement distance between micro-sensors and data recorded by the monitoring devices.
For reference stations, the reference sites will be doubled: by geographical area, the micro-sensor will be positioned at the right of a reference station. The other sensor microphones will be on the demonstration sites.
18 sites equipped with micro-sensors are planned, including 4 duplicate sites on 4 Atmosud reference sites.
Weather and pollution data are centralized on a remote server. They will be automatically exported for processing, consultation or posting in the communication system (installation of information panels with a "QR code" for smartphone (C2.1) referring to the project website listing the collected data and information of type articles, stories, video on IVB and climate change (C3.1).
Two levels of data use are proposed:
1. real-time information of measured data and comparison between demonstration sites and control stations for users;
2. Analysis of annual trends in urban heat island and air quality information.
The measurement log is as follows:
- daily recordings in spring and summer of temperature data at 0:00 am and 12:00 pm (heat island effect);
- recording of hygrometry after rainfall episodes (moisture retention capacity), data correlated with temperature;
- daily (3 times per day) recordings of air quality parameters by comparing vacation periods vs. work periods and weekdays vs. weekends.
Production of contextualized information on the physico-chemical services provided by IVBs in cities in response to climate change.
C1.2. Socio-economic monitoring (AMU-LPED)
Sociological surveys for the general public
Sociological surveys following a methodology based on AMULPED research work.
Audiences targeted and perimeter: users of sites and users of urban hiking trails because the demonstration sites pass through the trails, inhabitants of the neighbourhood around the sites.
Definition and validation of questionnaires and indicators: 5 semi-directive interviews initially conducted with users and inhabitants of each site.
Elaboration of the questionnaire common to all sites.
Conduct of investigations.
Each demonstration site and neighbourhood surveyed once every 2 years.
On each site, semi-directive interviews, over 7 consecutive days, 100 to 150 respondents were interviewed.
Sociological surveys, technicians and elected officials of local authorities
Target groups: elected officials, community technicians (gardeners, urban planners, developers, etc.).
Geographical perimeter: Municipalities, Agglomeration and Metropolises of the 3 territories AMP, NCA and TPM.
Definition and validation of semi-directive and focus-group interview grids and related indicators.
Conduct of investigations.
Each territory surveyed 1 time every 2 years.
On each territory, semi-directive interviews, over 5 consecutive days, between 100 and 150 respondents.
Find here the results of the surveys conducted in 2018 and 2019.
Collection of real estate data (prices, taxes collected...).
Definition and collection of attractiveness data (number of new companies, criteria for decision to set up...).
This sub-Action includes two levels of processing of the data collected that will inform on:
changes in perceptions over the 5 years of the LIFE project
the differential (differentiated urban developments and contexts) between the different sites studied: so many different cases that will be valued.
Enhanced information on the uses, expectations and socio-economic services provided by IVBs in cities.
This action aims to create urban hiking trails and an itinerant "nature in town and climate"reception point, innovative media to communicate, inform and raise awareness on the multifunctional role of urban IVBs in the face of climate change. It meets the operational target "strengthen the integration of nature in cities into urban development projects".
By raising the awareness of stakeholders, this action also aims to give them a common culture enabling them to collectively develop new urban planning projects.
C2.1 Development of new hiking path "Nature in the city and climate".
This already existing metropolitan hiking trail is a communication medium centred on culture, links diverse environments to knowledge, scales of the territory and proposes observation practices, encounters and narratives, in the form of walks, performances, exhibitions, reception points (observatories, orientation tables, signposting, etc.) and media content (texts, images, sounds, etc.).
The aim is to enrich the pathways by highlighting demonstration sites passing through the pathways and their roles in adapting cities and metropolises to climate change.
The action plans to create a GR on TPM, linking the sites identified in Action C1, based on the experience of GR2013, in several stages:
- work on a route for the discovery of the Agglomeration's heritages, including demonstration sites), with a presentation on the role of GBIs for resilience to climate change;
- a signposted urban trail for the Grande Randonnée.
In 2010, NCA developed discovery loops on the city of Nice, 8 itineraries allow you to discover the city's natural, cultural and historical heritage. These loops will be developed within the framework of LIFE, and completed by the development of two new loops on the theme of nature's climate in cities and BGI.
For each site identified in C1.1, the zone will be considered not only for its specific characteristics but also as a point to consider a larger scale of the territory and to propose a narration centred on the GBI and their role in the face of climate change, in particular by linking them to the control site. Pathways and narratives will also be proposed from the site in a larger area, so as to apply the demonstrations to forms of market narrative likely to shift everyone's view of the city, GBI and climate change.
The Technical Monitoring Committee will act as a steering committee and exchange of practices between the actors associated with these urban pathways in the 3 LIFE territories. This will make it possible to support the development of actions in the three project territories and to identify the actors necessary for their implementation in a logic of transferability/replicability of the methodologies deployed.
Partnership actions shall provide for:
- guides (publications): re-release of the GR 2013 Topoguide in 2018 and enrichment of the guide with an IVB and climate change component, edition of a specific guide for the TPM trail, re-release of the NCA booklet on urban loops and creation of a corresponding guide;
- animation actions aimed at networking the demonstration sites and creating a common platform for the demonstration sites and a narration on the multifunctionality of GBI and climate change:
- expeditions: survey narratives, installations, exhibitions, performances: accounts of preliminary investigations carried out by authors in original forms (multimedia / installations / exhibitions / performances). Constitution and pooling of resources (open data). Creation of print and web content to enrich downloadable walking sheets;
- hospitalities on each of the sites: installation of refuge (for inhabitants, visitors, fauna, flora). Reflections on the planning of public spaces (workshops, urban planning workshops, construction, assembly);
- excursions: walks, creation of routes, accompaniment and mediation around the routes, hikes, themed bivouacs "nature in city and climate".
The production of stories to share the fruits of the itineraries
Outdoors or the Nature for City LIFE itinerary booklets of the GR2013 Office.
By linking knowledge to walking, experience to conversation, analysis to gesture, the itineraries proposed by the GR2013 Guides Office within the Nature For City LIFE project attempt to explore different approaches to transmission in order to bring us knowledge while re-sensitising us to what has the power to make our cities and our world habitable. Addressing the multiple subjects and themes of global warming in an urban context (biodiversity, fragmentation of natural environments, trees and rivers, management...), these walks are designed and led by artist-walkers.
The Bureau des guides BGR2013 proposes three issues of "Dehors" to give the floor to these artist-walkers and share a selection of their walking proposals made in the framework of the Nature for City LIFE project. Thus we listen to them tell us about their ways of conceiving these walks, but also to tell us about their more personal journey in this contemporary questioning which concerns us all, collectively and more intimately.
These stories allow us to understand the construction of a metropolitan path, to walk the green fabric or to approach the subject of the search for shade.
C2.2 Creation of a mobile "house of nature in town" reception point.
Acquisition by the Region of a mobile reception point "nature in town and climate". It will be deployed in each of the 3 partner territories and positioned on the urban GR route.
Its vocation is to inform and sensitize all the public (inhabitants, GR hikers, schoolchildren, technicians, elected officials) on nature in the city, ecosystem services and techniques to develop and manage nature in the city.
This place will make it possible to understand not only the functions of nature in cities, the problem of climate change and global changes, the role that nature can play in cities to improve the resilience of urban territories, the solidarity between nature in cities and peri-urban nature, the concepts of BVI and, more generally, the role of biodiversity for mankind and the development of our societies.
It will also be a place to disseminate the actions and results of the LIFE programme: documentation, MOOC videos (C3.1).
It will host a full version of the project's "Nature in the City and Climate Change" exhibition and will be an information point on the urban hiking trail, including all the events that will be held there each year.
This mobile reception point will be fully equipped for its missions (documentary, video, sound and animation equipment).
Expected results of C2 action
Raising public awareness of the role of nature in the city on climate change, modification of stakeholder representations, common culture enabling new urban planning projects to evolve collectively.
This action aims to train all city designers in the ecosystem services provided by nature in the urban environment as well as in techniques for integrating nature into urban projects, so that decision-makers have a real motivation to integrate more nature into current or future projects (concerted development areas, rehabilitation, infrastructures, etc.). It responds to the operational objective "to strengthen the integration of nature in cities in urban development projects".
It is composed of 3 axes:
C3.1 Theoretical training of technicians and actors of the city with the creation of a MOOC "Nature in the city and Climate".
This training aims at the acquisition of the following skills:
Knowing the different forms of nature in cities, how they function and the associated ecosystem services ;
To know the state of the art, the techniques of integration and management of nature in urban projects for a better resilience to climate change;
Understand urban strategies for resilience to climate change;
Participate in exchanges and debates on this topic to enrich professional practices.
Conceived in the form of two initial and advanced courses, MOOC is intended first of all for local authority technicians in charge of urban planning and the environment, for those involved in planning and the city: designers, project managers and builders, but also for everyone.
4 main themes are addressed during the 7 weeks of courses that MOOC offers:
1/ Nature in the city and biodiversity: Generalities and major issues
What is Nature in the city and biodiversity?
Nature in the city, an "old story ;
What are the current changes in Nature in the City?
2/ The roles of Nature in the city
Living in Interaction, the role of Nature in the city in relation to the physical urban environment The role of Nature in the city in relation to the city dweller and his well-being ;
Ecosystem services in the city
3/ How to make the city with Nature (1st part): How to make the city with Nature?
Presentation of the different stages that are mobilised for the transformation of the city: diagnosis, design, planning and regulations, technical implementation.
4/ How to make the city with Nature (2nd part): How to make the city with Nature?
Attachment and mobilisation ;
Limits and constraints ;
Accessible on a dedicated platform and translated into 5 languages: French, English, German, Italian and Spanish, the MOOC is made up of 56 videos in total.
36 videos for the MOOC initial course representing 4h45 mn of viewing (week 1: 1h29, week 2: 51 mn, week 3: 1h26, week 4: 58 mn), subtitled in French and English and as many anchoring quizzes (72 questions and answers), as well as 4 thematic quizzes (32 questions and answers);
20 videos for the MOOC advanced course (20 videos for the speakers representing 3h22 mn of viewing (week 1: 1h, week 2: 55 mn, week 3: 1h23), as many anchoring quizzes (40 questions and answers), and 3 thematic quizzes (24 questions and answers);
Both courses are accompanied by a video teaser, an introductory and a concluding video.Teaser https://youtu.be/ziDqJRZiZaE?t=6
These two routes are accompanied by numerous documentary resources. Subtitled in English, Italian, Spanish and German and available on a dedicated platform, the two MOOC courses have already been repeated several times over the duration of the LIFE project.
Thus the initial MOOC pathway produced in 2018 and 2019 has been opened 4 times: in 2019 from 23 April to 31 May 2019 and from 7 October to 15 November 2019, and in 2020 in an exceptional way during the sanitary confinement from 6 April to 1 June 2020, then from 2 November to 4 January 2021.
Put into production in 2020, the MOOC perfection was put online only once, from 15 June to 1 September 2020.
They will be reopened in 2021 and 2022, then made freely accessible at the end of the project.
MOOC adress : Nature for City LIFE (moocnatureforcitylife.eu)
This action is implemented by the SUD Region and the LPED - Aix Marseille University.
In the regions, train 100 technicians from LIFE partner communities, 100 technicians from "non-LIFE" communities and 200 "developer" technicians.
Outside the region, 200 people per year validating the 2 sessions.
Results obtained on 1 December 2020
To date 2562 people have registered,
2421 in French and
141 in foreign languages and
nearly 500 certificates of attendance have been issued, demonstrating the quality of the courses offered.
C3.2 Theoretical training of elected officials
Objectives of the training
If the mobilisation of elected representatives is essential to the success of projects, it is important to give them the tools for a better appropriation of the issues of nature in cities and climate and to identify the actions to be implemented.
Practical and educational tools for (re)introducing nature in cities
Within the framework of the European "Nature for City Life" programme, the Sud Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur Region and its partners, with the help of the Regional Agency for Biodiversity and the Environment (ARBE), wanted to draw up summary sheets detailing the action carried out by one or another in numerous fields.
Feedback sheets have been created to illustrate the feasibility of the projects, addressing these issues under a number of themes, notably how to integrate nature in the city into urban planning documents; how to green the roof of a public building; how to support and mobilise the inhabitants in their desire to green "their" public spaces; how to use the redevelopment of an urban artery to make rainwater drainage more watertight and improve its management; how to promote biodiversity in the city by combating light pollution or how to introduce nature into the heart of the village...
Conceived as a practical and pedagogical basis to help local authorities define and implement their action plan for the (re)introduction of nature in the city and the fight against global warming, they also present useful contacts to go further.
Elected officials with functions relating to urban planning (urban planning, building permits, etc.) or the environment (climate, biodiversity, green spaces, etc.).
They are freely accessible and usable under a Creative Commons licence.
In a second phase, a specific training programme will be developed with the ARBE (Regional Agency for Biodiversity and the Environment) in the form of several modules and field visits.
Training of 150 to 200 elected representatives during the LIFE period.
This action is implemented by the South Region.
C3.3 Practical workshops for elected representatives and technicians on "nature in the city and climate" on planning and development tools: PLUi, PCAE...
The objective is to support the 3 Metropolises in the drafting of their urban planning documents (PLUI, SCOT...) and development projects in progress, by providing them with complementary engineering for the organisation of practical "nature in the city" workshops for elected representatives and technicians.
These workshops are organised either on a metropolitan scale or on an infra scale: territorial councils on MPAs, municipalities... The choice of the territorial scale of the workshop is determined in close partnership with the services of the project's partner authorities.
Each metropolis will benefit from 20 days of expertise over the duration of the Nature for City LIFE project.
These practical workshops are organised at the request of the local authorities of the project territories wishing to work on a planning document or a development project.
In order to support the volunteer local authorities, the South Region has recruited the consultancy firm "SENSEE Culture Couleurs", which specialises in the fields of consultation and mobilisation.
To present the methodological content of these workshops, a practical guide for the organisation of elected representatives and technicians' workshops is available on the website: link to the guide for elected representatives and technicians
The first workshop organised concerned the Climate Air Energy Metropolitan Plan for the Aix Marseille Provence metropolis. At the end of 2018, during two half-days of work bringing together 52 elected technical officials and representatives of associations, work was carried out to define actions identifying the challenges related to the consideration of nature in the city in a logic of adaptation to climate change.
To find out more about the PCAEM : Synthesis PCAEM_MAJmars2020-DEF.pdf (ampmetropole.fr)
The second topic addressed in these workshops was that of the PLUi of the Pays d'Aix - MPA territory. At the request of the teams in charge of drawing up this strategic document, the nature for City Life project team and SENNSE, two half-days were devoted to integrating the issues of nature in the city into the Sustainable Development and Planning Project (PADD). In addition to the transversal consideration of these issues and their translation into the PADD, the DOO (Document d'Objectifs et d'Orientations) and finally into the regulations, the workshops raised the issue of the temporality of their integration and above all the need to raise the awareness of elected representatives to these issues.
Finally in Miramas, a day/workshop was organised with the services of AMP and the town of Miramas in the form of a "Sustainable City" seminar. Bringing together nearly 70 professionals and elected officials. They worked on the structuring themes of the "Heart of the City" project: restructuring of the station/ Oasis Eco-district centre.
On the territory of Nice Cote d'Azur, two workshops were organised, the first with the elected representatives and technicians of the city of Cagnes-sur-Mer on the issues of renaturation around the Cagnes and the second with those of the city of Carros on the consideration of nature in the city in the development projects carried out by the city.
The first working session of each of these workshops began in the form of an urban walk to free up the floor, to exchange on the expertise and practices of each participant in order to share definitions and challenges in terms of the services provided by nature in the city. This work was finalised during small group work sessions to integrate these issues into development projects.
A third workshop was organised with the elected representatives of NCA and the city of Nice to work with them on the technical and financial feasibility of nature projects in the city developed by citizens in the framework of the citizen mobilisation workshops on the urban renewal project of the Ariane district.
At the end of the Nature for city Life project and the feedback acquired during these workshops, a bilingual French-English guide will be drawn up for the facilitation of practical "nature in the city and climate" workshops for elected officials and technicians.
All the technicians and elected representatives of the project territories who have attended or are due to attend the theoretical training courses (cf. C3.1).
An optional preliminary consultation may be held prior to the filing of an application for planning permission for any public or private project subject to a building permit or planning permission (hereinafter referred to as urban projects), located on a territory covered by a planning document, and not falling within the list of planning operations mentioned in Article R. 300-1 of the Urban Planning Code.
This action aims to implement this preliminary consultation process.
It will also be possible to organize workshops specifically on the theme of nature development in cities to strengthen their resilience to climate change.
The objective of this action is to enable the development of the consultation upstream and aims to help prevent downstream litigation. Indeed, allowing the public to make comments or proposals before the permit is submitted helps to improve the quality of urban projects and thus their acceptability.
This action meets the operational objective "to strengthen the integration of nature in cities into urban development projects".
Choice of urban projects
The partner local authorities will decide by deliberation on the list of urban projects to benefit from the "nature in town and climate" dialogue financed by LIFE and organised in partnership with the Region. The partners will deliberate on the list of operations within 6 months after the start of LIFE. This list may be modified according to the state of progress of the projects (integration of new projects, abandonment of old projects by the owners). 5 to 10 projects will be selected per metropolitan territory over the duration of LIFE, i. e. a maximum of 30 projects in total. A first indicative list for possible changes is provided (Action C1).
Organization of workshops
Urban projects in each of the 3 metropolitan areas are monitored by the beneficiary partner concerned. Local governments will ensure participation of their relevant services for the support of th Region who is in charge of the organization for each workshop.
For each urban project, workshops will be scheduled and validated by the technical committee of LIFE. The periodicity of workshops for each urban project will be specified once the local authorities’ deliberations settle on the list of urban projects.
The service provider will be responsible for organizing the recruitment of participants for workshops, in association with the service of local authorities concerned and the citizens' association of the district concerned.
For each project, 4 workshops of 0.5 to 1 day each will be organized.
- a first workshop in three parts:
- presentation of the fundamentals: climate change, services provided by nature, urban resilience;
- presentation of the project in terms of resilience to climate change: artificial surface area, natural surface area, analysis of the project's impact on ecological continuity, quality of buildings in terms of biodiversity, energy;
- shared diagnosis on the consideration of issues related to nature and its role in resilience to climate change.
- two workshops on solutions to meet the challenges identified during the first workshop and their integration into the studied development project;
- a fourth workshop to format the observations and concrete proposals from the public, which will be recorded and preserved as part of the consultation procedure.
In order to ensure everyone's participation in all 4 workshops, these will be organized in collaboration with the inhabitants' associations (CIQ) of the neighbourhoods concerned by the project.
It will thus be necessary to ensure the participation of at least 30 people and, for the 2nd, 3rd and 4th workshops, the participation of at least 20 people who have already participated in the workshops.
C5.1 Citizen Forums
Sharing experiences between citizens to develop knowledge and awareness of the issues at stake in the project. Strengthen citizen involvement in the governance of their territory's climate.
The second and fourth year of LIFE will be organised for exchanges between citizens from all LIFE territories who have participated in the workshops organised in Action C4.
These forums will present the progress of site monitoring systems piloting procedures.
French and European specialists in the fields of biodiversity, urban planning and law will share their knowledge. These specialists will be identified through networking exchanges.
Experiences from other French and European regions on urban nature and climate issues will be presented and discussed with citizens. They will have been selected through networking.
Creation of 2 citizens' forums (on two of the three partner territories) with a minimum participation of 100 people
Elaboration of a dossier of proposals for citizen governance on the issue of nature in cities and distribution of 1000 copies in French and English.
C5.2 European Forum "Nature in Cities and Climate Change"
Disseminate the methodologies and initial results of LIFE and enrich the experiences of other territories in Europe.
Organisation of a forum for presentations and exchanges between actors of the city and European scientists on the services provided by nature in the city and the means of developing it.
Detailed technical presentation of the results of the actions carried out by this LIFE, pooling of good urbanisation practices based on the development of nature in cities, at European level.
Creation of a European network around the issue, targeting actors working in the field of urban planning and biodiversity.
Setting up a virtual forum, via the LIFE website, to initiate the dynamics of sharing and exchanges around the issue and allow the collection of experiences, some of which will be presented during the "real"forum. Everyone can contribute to enriching the exchanges: experiences of good practice, presentation of cross-cutting interests in terms of resilience to climate change; analysis of public policies applied to urban planning; identification of the following
experiences and achievements that bring innovations.
Organisation of the "real" forum for feedback and exchanges between actors of the city and European scientists for two days. Six European countries will be solicited: France, Spain, Italy, Netherlands and Spain.
Bas, Belgium Germany (simultaneous translation). The citizens' councils participating in C4 actions will contribute to the exchanges and will be able to present their experiences and the outputs of their workshops at the final forum.
The overall approach aims in particular to achieve, between the cooperating countries, the joint elaboration of a proposal dossier to take better account of nature and its services in urban planning.
Creation of a forum for exchanges between city stakeholders and scientists from the 6 countries concerned with a minimum participation of 200 people (all audiences included).
Drawing up of a proposal dossier to take better account of nature and its services in urban planning.